Skin pH plays a huge part in your overall skin health. The pH scale ranges from 1 to 14, with 7 being the level that is considered neutral. Anything below 7 is considered acid, while anything above 7 is considered alkaline. The average pH for skin is usually between 4 and 7, with many factors determining the level.
While you may consider acidity to be a bad thing, slight levels of acid in your skin make it easier to ward off harmful microbes and free radicals that might fast-track the ageing process. Too much acidity, however, and the balance is thrown out, resulting in problems.
Ideally, you want to find the right pH balance for your skin. Finding that balance isn’t always as simple as it sounds. Many products contain ingredients that affect pH. Environmental factors, hormones, sebum, genetics, age, skin conditions and other factors can also throw your skin pH balance out of sync.
A Simple Guide to Skin pH
To help you understand skin pH balance a bit better, we’ve put together some commonly asked questions.
What is it?
The pH balance of your skin is essentially the balance of acid and alkaline levels found within your skin, including your body and face. One way that pH affects your skin health is the acid mantle - a thin barrier on the surface of your skin that keeps the skin slightly acidic. The acid mantle is made of amino and lactic acids as well as sebum. When it is disrupted, your skin pays the price.
Why is it important?
The skin’s barrier is slightly acidic to lock in moisture and prevent bacteria. If your pH levels are too alkaline, skin issues may include redness and dry, flaky skin. If your levels are too acidic, issues may include eczema, acne and other inflammatory conditions.
How do you balance it?
While some factors are out of your control, such as hormones, genetics or environmental causes, there are things you can do to maintain a healthy pH balance. The most effective way is to chooseskincare products wisely. Products made to keep your skin balanced are typically low in harsh ingredients that strip your skin of moisture. Choosing products that are designed specifically for your skin type will also help. If you are unsure about which products are best for your needs,book an online consultation with our skincare specialist.
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